The unemployment rate ticked down two-tenths of a point to 1.8% in June 2022 – yet another record low since the metric has been tracked in 1976, according to numbers released today by the Minnesota Department of Employment and Economic Development (DEED). The lowest pre-pandemic unemployment rate was 2.5% in early 1999.
The unemployment rate decline over-the-month was entirely due to people moving from unemployment to employment. The labor force participation rate ticked up another tenth of a point to 68.5%.
Nationally, the unemployment rate stayed the same at 3.6% (4th straight month) and the employment-to-population ratio dropped two-tenths of a point to 59.9% over the month.
On a seasonally adjusted basis Minnesota’s job growth was flat in June. Overall, the state gained 100 jobs in June, following the addition of 7,500 jobs (revised upward by 900 jobs) in May 2022. The private sector lost 400 jobs in June on a seasonally-adjusted basis. Over the year, Minnesota has added 91,421 payroll jobs, up 3.2%.
Since January 2022, Minnesota has seen job growth of 1.6%, faster than the U.S. growth rate of 1.5%. The U.S. gained 372,000 jobs in June, up 0.2% from May, with the private sector up 381,000 jobs, also up 0.3% on a seasonally adjusted basis.
“Another month has brought another record-low unemployment rate, as more Minnesotans are finding opportunity in our economy,” said DEED Commissioner Steve Grove. “The big challenge is a historically tight labor market – we’re still down just over 72,000 people in our labor force since before the pandemic. We’re continuing to grow DEED’s Summer of Jobs campaign to highlight job market opportunities, and to help employers find workers in labor pools they may have previously overlooked.”
The Summer of Jobs campaign was in Duluth last week, where Commissioner Grove met with leaders and staff of Essentia Health to address the critical need for health care workers in Minnesota. He then job shadowed an Essentia Sterile Processing Technician, which is a critical and high-demand role across the health care industry. Finally, he led a roundtable focused on ways employers can connect with untapped talent within Minnesota’s aging workforce. The campaign’s next stop will be in Owatonna.
The employment recovery has not been consistent for all Minnesotans. Black and Hispanic Minnesotans have higher labor force participation rates, at 68.9% and 79.7% respectively in June 2022, than white Minnesotans, at 68.4% in June. The labor force participation rate for white Minnesotans has fallen consistently over the pandemic period, largely due to an aging workforce.
June data also show that Black and Hispanic Minnesotans have higher unemployment rates – at 7.4% and 3.1% respectively – compared to white workers, at 2.4%. This indicates that employers must continue to employ new strategies to find available workers from communities of color in Minnesota.
In June, on a seasonally adjusted basis, Minnesota added jobs in: Other Services, up 1,700 jobs; Government, Educational and Health Services, and Information, each up 500 jobs; Leisure and Hospitality, up 400 jobs and Logging and Mining, up 100 jobs. Losses were in Professional and Business Services, down 1,700 jobs; Trade, Transportation and Warehousing, down 1,300 jobs; and Manufacturing and Construction, each down 300 jobs. Financial Activities employment was flat.
Over the year (OTY), Minnesota gained 91,421 payroll jobs, up 3.2%. The private sector gained 91,766 jobs, up 3.7% over the year.
On an annual basis, nine of 11 supersectors posted positive over-the-year (OTY) employment growth, with Construction flat. Mining and Logging, Manufacturing, Trade, Transportation and Utilities, Information, Financial Activities, Professional and Business Services, Education and Health Services, Leisure and Hospitality and Other Services all posted OTY growth. Among the supersectors:
- Professional and Business Services grew 4.5% (16,883 jobs). Manufacturing posted 17,266 additional jobs (5.5%). Non-Durable Goods employment grew 6.2% (6,996 jobs) while Durable Goods grew 5.1% (10,270 jobs).
- Leisure and Hospitality continued to post the highest growth of all the supersectors, up 11.8% with the addition of 28,530 jobs. Arts, Entertainment, and Recreation posted 23.0% growth (9,680 jobs). Accommodation and Food Services grew 9.5% (18,850 jobs). Government posted a 0.1% decrease, down 345 jobs. Local Government was responsible for all the gains, up 0.7% or 2,075 jobs in the non-education portion of the industry.
U.S. employment grew 4.2% OTY with the private sector up 4.8% in June. All supersectors showed gains OTY. Three supersectors in Minnesota show strength OTY compared to the U.S.: Leisure and Hospitality, Other Services, and Manufacturing.
In Minnesota and across the nation, wages are not currently keeping up with the rate of inflation. Average hourly wages for all private sector workers, at $34.21 in June, rose 5.2% over the year and 9.6% over two years. Nationally private sector wages at $31.82 rose 5.1% over the year and 9.3% over two years. The CPI inflation index for all urban consumers rose 9.0% OTY in June 2022 and 14.8% over two years.
Minnesota and U.S. Employment and Unemployment – June 2022
|Unemployment Rate||June 2022||May 2022||June 2022||June 2021|
|Non-Farm Jobs||June 2022||May 2022||June ’21- June ’22 Level Change||June ’21- June ’22 % Change|
|Industry Supersector||OTY Job Change||OTY Growth Rate (%)||U.S. OTY Growth Rate (%)|
|Mining & Logging||207||3.1||10.5|
|Trade, Transport. & Utilities||5,028||1.0||3.9|
|Prof. & Business Services||16,883||4.5||5.5|
|Ed. & Health Services||13,802||2.6||2.9|
|Leisure & Hospitality||28,530||11.8||10.5|
|Metropolitan Statistical Area||OTY Employment Change (#, NSA)||OTY Employment Change (%, NSA)|
|Minneapolis-St. Paul MN-WI MSA||69,651||3.6|
|Duluth-Superior MN-WI MSA||4,373||3.4|
|St. Cloud MSA||3,291||3.1|
|Fargo-Moorhead ND-MN MSA(* May)||2,000||1.4|
|Grand Forks-East Grand Forks ND-MN MSA (* May)||1,600||3.1|
|La Crosse-Onalaska WI-MN (* May)||800||1.0|