Firefighters are dispatched to the scene when a wildfire starts to help contain and extinguish the blaze. Depending on the size and severity of the fire, they may employ different tactics to put it out.
Some fires may require using heavy equipment like bulldozers to create firebreaks, while others may get under control with hand tools and water hoses. These are the things firefighters need to do to put out a wildfire and keep everyone safe.
The first step in fighting a wildfire is detecting it. Firefighters on patrol or lookout towers usually do this detection in remote areas. In more developed regions, people may report the fire to authorities. Once the fire is detected, firefighters head to the scene. Whether the fire is large or small, firefighters will work to contain and extinguish it.
When they arrive, firefighters will assess the situation and develop a plan to contain and extinguish the fire. Some factors that firefighters look at during assessment include:
- The size of the fire
- The type of terrain
- The weather conditions
- The availability of water and other resources
Firefighters will work to contain the fire by creating firebreaks. This containment involves clearing a wide area around the fire’s perimeter to stop it from spreading. Firebreaks can be created with hand tools like shovels and axes, or with heavy equipment like bulldozers.
After the containment of the fire, firefighters will start working to extinguish it. They usually do this by using water hoses to douse the flames. In some cases, firefighters may also use chemicals like foams and gels to help extinguish the fire. Not all fires are extinguishable, however. Sometimes, firefighters may let the fire burn itself out.
If your city is susceptible to wildfires, there are tips to prepare your community for a wildfire.
When fighting a wildfire, firefighters need to take several steps to ensure the safety of themselves and others. By following these steps, they can help contain and extinguish the fire as quickly as possible.